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THE SURVIVOR NEEDS

THE SURVIVOR NEEDS- SURVIVAL SKILLS

S.E.R.E is an acronym for Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape, a program that is provide for military personnel.

TCS has courses designed and adapted to the civilian individuals that are needing this kind of training because of there line of work or their desire to be prepared and trained for any situations that can occur.Our role is to give the students all the knowledge for being capable of escaping illegal custody and disappearing back into a safe zone. When traveling you have to be aware of the tactics that criminals use, so that you don’t end up becoming a victim. We  teach our students  the counter tactics that they can use to protect themselves and their family's. These skills could be used in many situations like  being kidnapped, economic breakdown, being stuck in a hostile country, evading capture, natural disaster, and much more!

Who needs this kind of skills? Soldiers in high-risk zones, police officers, government special agents, populations that live in high-risk zones, journalists, wealthy or famous people, entertainers, business people, humanitarian workers, travelers, pilots and flight crew, ship crew, professional drivers, civilians and others.

In this post I will write some basic information about The Survivor Needs related to SERE.

THE SURVIVOR  NEEDS

The three fundamental goals  are to

1) maintain life,

2) maintain honor, and

3) return.

This may be further divided into nine basic needs which include:

1) personal protection,

2) sustenance,

3) health,

4) travel,

5) communications,

6) recovery,

7) evasion,

8) resistance, and

9) escape.

Meeting the individual's needs during the isolating event is essential to achieving the  fundamental goals.

Maintaining Life

Four elementary needs of an individual  in any situation which are categorized as the integral components of maintaining life are:

1) personal protection,

2) sustenance,

3) health and

4) travel.

Personal Protection

The human body is comparatively fragile.  Without protection, the effects of environmental conditions (climate, terrain and life forms) and CBRNE conditions may be fatal.

The  primary defenses against the effects of the environment are protective clothing, equipment, shelter, and fire

Clothing

The need for adequate clothing and its proper care and use cannot be overemphasized.  The human body's tolerance for temperature extremes is very limited with clothing being the first line of defense.  However, its ability to regulate heating and cooling is extraordinary.  The availability of clothing and its proper use is extremely important to an individual, enhancing their body’s ability to regulate temperature.  Clothing also provides excellent protection against the external effects of alpha and beta radiation, and may serve as a shield against the external effects of some chemical or biological agents.

Equipment

Survival equipment is designed to aid the individual throughout their event.  It must be cared for to maintain its effectiveness.  Items found in a survival kit, ground/water vehicle, or aircraft can be used to help satisfy the nine basic needs.  Quite often, however, an individual must improvise to overcome an equipment shortage, failure, or deficiency.

Shelter

The individual need for shelter is threefold-as a place for protection from the conditions (environmental and socio-political), safety from hazards, and is big enough for him  and his equipment.  The duration and location of the isolating event will have some effect on shelter choice.  In areas that are warm and dry, the survivor need is easily satisfied using natural resting places.  In cold climates, the criticality of shelter can be measured in minutes, and rest is of little immediate concern.  Similarly, in areas of residual radiation, the criticality of shelter may also be measured in minutes

Fire

Fire serves many  needs such as providing a source of heat to warm the body, dry clothing, purifying water, preparing food, and signaling

Sustenance

Sustenance is the   need for water and food to maintain normal body functions and to provide strength, energy, and endurance to overcome the physical stresses of survival.

Water

The survivor must be constantly aware of the body's primary and continuing need for water.

Food

Less important than water initially, the need for food receives little attention during the first hours of an isolating event.  Additionally, the human body must have adequate amounts of water to process any food appropriately. Is important  to overcome aversions to food before physical or psychological deterioration sets in.

Health (Physical and Psychological)

The survivor must be the doctor, nurse, medic, and psychologist.  Self-aid and buddy care may be the  sole recourse.

Physical Health

Attention to personal protection, sanitation, and personal hygiene are major factors in preventing physical, morale, and attitudinal problems.  Safety must be foremost in the mind of the survivor.  One miscalculation with a knife or tool can result in self-inflicted injury or death.  In the event of injury or illness, the survivor existence may depend on the ability to perform self-aid or buddy care.  In many instances, common first aid procedures will suffice; in others, more primitive techniques will be required.  The need for cleanliness in the treatment of injuries and illness is selfevident.  Proper use of clothing and equipment can prevent serious medical or physical problems.

Psychological Health

Perhaps the survivor greatest strength is a positive and optimistic attitude.  An individual's ability to cope with psychological stresses will enhance successful survival.  Optimism, determination, dedication, and humor, as well as many other psychological attributes, are all helpful for an individual to overcome psychological stresses.  Refer to chapter 4 for more information on psychological health.

Travel

An survivor may need to travel on land or water to meet any or all of their goals.  In any isolating event,he must weigh the need to travel against capabilities and/or safety

Maintaining Honor

The three needs associated with maintain honor are evasion, resistance, and escape.

Captivity- Worse than Evasion

Evasion will be one of the most difficult and hazardous situations an individual  will face.  However difficult and hazardous evasion may be necessary.  Captivity is always worse.

The Need to Resist Exploitation

The captive’s need to resist exploitation is self-evident.  This need is both a moral and a legal obligation.

Returning

The need to return involves communication, recovery, and/or traveling (on land or water).   Communication requires a hands-on knowledge of signaling procedures and devices to report and locate the individual.  The survivor must be familiar with the various platforms, devices, and methods that may be used during recovery. He  must also be familiar with the various methods and techniques for traveling overland and on the water to safely and accurately reach the recovery location, if necessary.

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